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Curvature of a nasal partition
The nasal partition is a covered with a mucous membrane, cartilaginoid plate which divides a nasal cavity into two half called by nostrils, right and left. The plate this uneven, has bends, curvatures, pectineal outgrowths. All this natural curvatures of a nasal partition, they seldom disturb and demand correction. Through a nasal cavity communication of an organism with the air environment is carried out.
The air channel is surrounded with bones of front and brain part of a skull, in front reported with external environment through nasal openings, and behind with a nasopharynx. Through it the nasal cavity carries out the following functions: olfactory, respiratory, speech and protective.
The olfactory area consists of olfactory, basal and supporting cells. It is slightly above an average nasal sink. In olfactory area there are tubular acinous glands which develop a serous secret. This secret moistens olfactory hairs and provides perception of olfactory irritation.
The respiratory area is covered with the mucous membrane supplied with the cavernous fabric and mucous glands which are located in the lower nasal sink. The mucous membrane is covered by a ciliary epithelium where secretory cells are located. At breath by a nose of air goes dugoobrazno up, and at exhalation air moves in the opposite direction, coming into the olfactory area. Nasal breath is a normal physiological act, disturbance of nasal breath causes various morbid conditions of an organism. In particular, there is a decrease in gas exchange in lungs, from here, reduction of an alkaline reserve of blood. Disturbance of oxygen exchange leads to decrease in amount of hemoglobin and erythrocytes of blood, and also, adversely is reflected in cardiac performance and arterial pressure.
Nasal cavity and adnexal bosoms are excellent physical resonators. The nose participates in formation of a sound, its timbre and coloring.
Protective function of a nasal cavity is expressed in sneezing which results from irritation of the terminations of a trifacial, the alien suspended particles getting air and in dacryagogue. Dacryagogue develops also at inhalation of harmful impurity, and, the lacrimal liquid, flowing down via the lacrimonasal channel in a nasal cavity, washes away this harmful substance.
Reasons of a curvature of a nasal partition a little, generally it: the rickets postponed at early children's age, physiological deformation of bones of a neurocranium or their more strengthened growth in comparison with front part of a skull. Genetic predisposition also plays not the last role, but injuries and a fracture of bones of a nose at which there is the wrong accretion of the damaged fabrics.
Symptoms of a curvature of a nasal partition
The curvature of a partition of a nose is followed by typical symptoms. The first symptom of a disease a zatrudnennost of nasal breath, it can be partial or full. And, at a partial curvature the human body quickly adapts to the happened changes and the person can not notice deformation.
Snore is a symptom which often is a consequence of the broken nasal breath. Dryness in a nasal cavity. Emergence of chronic inflammatory diseases of adnexal bosoms of a nose: antritis, frontal sinusitis and other sinusitis.
Allergic diseases are also connected with a curvature of a nasal partition.
Changes of a shape of a nose, its dextroposition or to the left, appears most often, as a result of an injury. If not to carry out adequate treatment, then the cartilage of a partition can incorrectly grow together. Symptoms of a curvature of a nasal partition often are followed by the repeating nasal bleedings which can arise at a smorkaniye or attempts to clean a nasal cavity. Disturbance of the correct air circulation through a nasopharynx, can sometimes promote deterioration in hearing.
Complications of a curvature of a nasal partition
Effects of a curvature of a nasal partition are very diverse. Changes of indicators of blood, disturbance in vascular system and the sexual sphere are possible. The patient is subject to influence of adverse factors of environment, catarrhal diseases since its immunity is weakened.
Very often at disturbance of nasal breath at patients throat pathology (chronic pharyngitis, tonsillitis) and/or throats (chronic laryngitis) develops. The exacerbation of bronchial asthma, increase of arterial pressure, development of diseases of a myocardium and other morbid conditions is possible. At breath by a mouth water loss accelerates that promotes dehydration. In the course of nasal breath, air, passing on the nasal courses to lungs, it is warmed and filtered that does not occur at breath through a mouth.
Not to risk the health, follows at suspicion on a curvature to a nasal partition and the complicated breath, timely to address the otorhinolaryngologist
Diagnosis of a curvature of a nasal partition
The diagnosis is established by the otorhinolaryngologist on the basis of complaints of sick and subsequent survey of a nasal cavity by means of the endoscope or a nasal mirror. Then degree of need of operational treatment of a curvature of a nasal partition is defined. The main indications are: frequent nasal bleedings, chronic and acute sinusitis, a zatrudnennost of nasal breath, vasculomotor rhinitis, the snore arising as a result of disturbance of nasal breath.
Treatment of a curvature of a nasal partition
Before operation all-clinical examination which includes is performed: conclusion of the therapist, general blood test, ECG, FLG, X-ray of adnexal bosoms of a nose, conclusion of the stomatologist. In 30 min. prior to operation carry out premedication — administration of the drugs strengthening effect of local anesthetics and reducing sensitivity of the patient.
The mechanism of operation is traditional and fulfilled for more, than 100 years to trifles — are made a submucosal resection of a nasal partition, i.e. removal of the bent bone and cartilaginous sites of a partition which complicate passing of an air flow. At the same time, the mucous membrane covering a nose partition completely remains and after operation on a partition of a nose there is no opening left. The partition becomes slightly thinner and consists not of a cartilage now, and of fibrous fabric.
Operation can have in rare instances negative effects, in particular, rigidity of a nose can decrease, appear risk of formation of perforation in a nasal partition or risk of formation of a submucosal atrophy of a nasal cavity with the subsequent education in a nose of crusts.
Treatment of a curvature of a nasal partition endoscopic the septoplasty allows not to delete in most cases, and to correct the bent sites of a nasal partition, to straighten them. Thereof the risk of emergence of negative effects is considerably reduced.