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Diseases of kidneys and urinary tract
Kidneys of the person are a body which provides allocation process. Therefore, in the presence of the slightest changes in process of their functioning it is possible to speak about the developing illness.
Any diseases of kidneys at children and adults in development are shown by the expressed signs. Most often symptoms of a disease of kidneys consist in change of amount of the emitted urine, and also its color, structure. In a waist of people constantly feels pain. All these illnesses are shown under the influence of causative organisms, and also toxic substances. Sometimes also allergic reactions become the reason. Treatment of diseases of kidneys and urinary tract is made only after the doctor accurately defines an etiology. Depending on that, signs and the course of a disease are how serious, also the forecast is defined. Often provided that the person is given adequate help in time, and also the diet at a disease of kidneys is kept, the illness completely recovers. But in certain cases the renal failure can develop. Therefore at the slightest suspicions on development of pathology of the patient has to visit the doctor surely.
Reasons of diseases of kidneys
Speaking about diseases of kidneys, we mean rather big group of pathologies at which development gradually there is a defeat of tissue of kidneys. Various influences can be origins of such diseases. A number of diseases develops as a result of impact of an infection on a human body, and, it can be both bacterial, and virus defeat. Negatively work of kidneys is influenced by urine outflow disturbance. Educations – tumors, cysts can provoke disturbances of functions of kidneys. Besides, disbolism, autoimmune defeat of an organism, anomaly of development of inborn character, lowering of functional activity of a parenchyma can be the reasons of diseases of kidneys. Break normal work of kidneys also stones which in them are sometimes formed.
Symptoms of diseases of kidneys
All symptoms of diseases of kidneys subdivide into the general and characteristic. It is heavy to carry the general symptoms to pathologies of kidneys. If the person believes that he is hurt by kidneys, then to this and other signs it is necessary to pay especially careful attention. If kidneys hurt, symptoms can indicate also other diseases. Information on character of all disturbing signs, and also the detailed description of how kidneys hurt, need to be submitted to the doctor surely.
As a rule, diseases of kidneys are shown by some general symptoms. When the illness only develops, the patient feels a small fever and a certain degree of the general discomfort why feels broken. But the problem often consists that such signs are characteristic to start cold, and the expressed kidney pains are not shown at once. Sometimes at this stage of a disease it is enough to take the simplest measures to prevent further progress of an illness: to warm up legs, to accept hot drink.
But if the person ignores the first symptoms of an illness, then symptoms continue to accrue further. The patient begins to be in a fever, he lifts temperature. Gradually the waist and a back begins to hurt. Depending on what kidney is affected – right or left – pain in a certain area of a waist disturbs. Less often the back pain is shown on both sides. Besides, it is necessary to refer increase of pressure to the general symptoms.
Reflecting what to do in such situation, the patient has to realize that at this stage of development of a disease the doctor has to appoint treatment.
The hypostases arising as on a face, in eyes, and on all body belong to symptoms characteristic. The last phenomenon is more characteristic of corpulent people. Also hypostases at the women having problems with kidneys often develop at pregnancy. In this case it is important to woman to know about why hypostases are shown and what to do if they do not descend long time accurately.
At diseases of kidneys problems with an urination also take place. At development of a certain illness pain or burning in the course of an urination, a polyuria (very frequent urination), an oliguria (very rare urination) can disturb. Sometimes it is absent in general.
One more characteristic symptom — change of structure and color of urine – it is muddy, the shade significantly changes. Often it contains blood particles.
In the presence of any of the symptoms of illnesses of kidneys described above it is necessary to address specialists who will help to establish an etiology and the diagnosis at once. Self-treatment, especially using medicamentous drugs can lead to a serious aggravation of symptoms.
Hereditary and chronic diseases of kidneys
Sometimes, that symptoms of diseases of kidneys at children are shown practically after the birth. In this case it is necessary to suspect existence of a hereditary disease. In that case throughout human life it is important to avoid palindromias that is promoted by the correct approach to prevention. Active lifestyle, the use of enough vitamins is important. But at development of a severe form of any of diseases there is a need of periodic purpose of medicamentous drugs.
Diseases of kidneys of chronic character at children and adults are shown as an effect of the wrong approach to treatment of an acute form of an illness. If after at the person symptoms of diseases of kidneys are shown, he does not ask for the help, after a while he develops a chronic form of a disease. In order that any disease of kidneys, an urolithiasis or an infection of urinary tract did not pass into a chronic form, first of all, adequate treatment and the correct diet at once is required after the first symptoms of an illness of kidneys were shown.
Let's consider in more detail the most widespread diseases of kidneys and urinary tract.
It is the illness having inflammatory character and the autoimmune nature. At a glomerulonephritis there is a defeat of renal balls, tubules. The illness can independently develop, and also accompany other illnesses. Most often the streptococcal infection is the reason of this illness of kidneys, in more exceptional cases it develops against tuberculosis, malaria. Also overcooling, influence of toxic substances becomes an etiology sometimes.
Allocate an acute, subacute and chronic glomerulonephritis. At an acute form of the patient kidney pain, hypostases in eyes on a face, and also hypostases of extremities, attacks of arterial hypertension disturbs, changes in a condition of urine are observed, temperature increases, the back pain, in the right or its left part accrues. As a rule, this illness is shown at the person in several weeks after the postponed infectious disease.
At a chronic form which develops in most cases as a result of an acute glomerulonephritis symptoms are similar to signs of an acute form of an illness. Doctors allocate the hypertensive, nephrotic, mixed and latent forms of an illness.
In the course of diagnosis of a glomerulonephritis not only results of tool and laboratory researches are considered. If necessary the biopsy of kidneys is also carried out.
It is necessary to treat this disease long, sometimes therapy continues several years. To the patient the diet, reception hypotensive and diuretics, and also prolonged treatment by corticosteroids is appointed. If necessary also other methods of treatment practice.
It is an inflammatory illness of kidneys at which pathological process is also involved a cup, a renal pelvis, a kidney parenchyma. In view of an anatomic structure pyelonephritis affects women more often. Inflammatory process can be caused or microorganisms which constantly are present at a human body, or microflora which gets from the outside. Disease-producing factors it becomes frequent proteas, staphylococcus, a streptococcus, colibacillus. Sometimes the illness is shown as result of operation of several different activators at once. But pyelonephritis arises if at the person outflow of urine from a kidney is broken, and also disturbances in a blood-groove and a lymphokinesis take place, and on this background the activator gets to an organism.
Doctors define three forms of pyelonephritis – acute, chronic, recurrent. The acute form of an illness develops as a result of decrease in immunity, overcooling, and also after use of some tool methods of research. The chronic form often becomes result of an acute inflammation of a kidney and lack of due treatment.
The diagnosis is established on the basis of ultrasonic research of kidneys, a X-ray and other diagnostic methods. In the course of therapy antibiotics of a broad spectrum of activity, and are applied initially later, after studying of results of research on sensitivity to antibacterial drugs treatment is carried out by antibiotics of the directed action. Also fortifying methods of treatment practice.
Nephroptosis – the pathological phenomenon connected with too big mobility of a kidney, the so-called wandering kidney. In view of anatomic features women suffer from this disease more often. In view of the fact that a fatty receptacle in kidneys at them shorter and wide, and at the same time weakening of a prelum abdominale in view of incubation of the child and childbirth also takes place, the disease develops rather often. Except the specified reasons very sharp weight loss, injuries, heavy exercise stresses can become the factors provoking development of a nephroptosis. Three stages of a nephroptosis which differentiate depending on degree of mobility of a kidney are defined.
The renal failure is pathology in which development kidneys lose partially or completely ability to carry out the functions, that is to support constant chemical composition in an organism. As a result, in an organism the water and electrolytic balance is broken, there is a delay of those substances which at the healthy person are regularly removed from an organism.
At an acute renal failure the acute disorder of functioning of one or both kidneys comes. The acute renal failure is shown as a result of impact of different pathological factors on a renal parenchyma. The illness can develop owing to impact on an organism of medicines, toxic agents, etc.
At a chronic renal failure disturbance of functions of kidneys also develops. This state is an effect of pyelonephritis, a chronic glomerulonephritis, a diabetes mellitus, poisoning with some chemical elements, etc.
At a hydronephrosis at the patient permanent expansion of cavities of a kidney which happens as a result of urine outflow disturbance is observed. The illness can be both inborn, and acquired. The inborn hydronephrosis is shown in view of some anatomic anomalies. The acquired form of an illness arises against the urolithiasis, tumors breaking urine outflow.
Rather long period a hydronephrosis develops without manifestation of visible symptoms. Symptoms of an illness become expressed if stones in kidneys appear, or infectious defeat develops. The back pain which can be very intensive can disturb the patient. Often only symptom of an illness is presence of blood at urine.
Formation of stones in a bladder happens because of disturbance of exchange processes in an organism, and also at disturbance of functions of hemadens. One of the factors influencing process of formation of stones stagnation of urine in uric ways is considered. Besides, an important role is played in this case by a hereditary factor. Stones have heterogeneous structure – it can be phosphates, urates, oxalates.
Patients with stones in kidneys often suffer from renal colic which is shown by the most severe pains. In this case it is impossible to self-medicate. The basic principles of treatment consist stones at a distance, and also in therapy of the inflammation connected with stones in kidneys.
Features of treatment of other diseases of kidneys
There is also some other diseases of the kidneys demanding adequate approach to treatment. But in all cases treatment of kidneys has to be made timely as there is a probability of emergence of complications, such as a cancer of kidneys, etc. Therefore to practice treatment of kidneys folk remedies or herbs in house conditions categorically is exclusive it is impossible.
At any disease consultation of the doctor is important. For example, if the single cyst of a kidney is diagnosed for the person, then in this case it is enough to conduct annual research. Treatment of a cyst of a kidney is required if complications or a polycystosis are shown. In that case to the person laparoscopic operation is mainly appointed.
Sand in kidneys as a sign of an urolithiasis arises owing to disbolism. In this case in parallel with drug intake treatment by national methods practices. However it, as well as treatment of stones in kidneys, it is necessary to carry out under supervision of the attending physician.
Drug treatment of diseases of kidneys practices at the majority of illnesses. However if the hydronephrosis, an inflammation, a nephroptosis or other illnesses, then the antibiotics and medicines belonging to other groups is diagnosed for the person are selected exclusively individually. It is important to consider also the fact that treatment of such diseases at pregnancy has to be most sparing. To the women inclined to illnesses of kidneys, during incubation of the kid it is recommended to adhere to a diet, to use as little as possible acute products and salts.
Infection of urinary tract
The infection of urinary tract has the bacterial nature. In the course of its development there is a defeat by an infection of uric system. In most cases the disease arises owing to hit in a colibacillus organism. Getting to urine, bacteria breed and cause an infection of urinary tract.
The infection of urinary tract at children and adults is shown by a number of characteristic symptoms. First of all, this opacification of urine and emergence of an unpleasant smell. In urine blood impurity can be found. The person feels very frequent need for an urination, and for process feels pain and strong discomfort. Also symptoms of an illness can be expressed in a febricula, an abdominal pain and in the field of pelvic area. At infection of upper uric ways of people can suffer from fever, nausea and vomiting, a diarrhea. In this case it is important to provide treatment not of symptoms, and directly diseases.
More often women as their urethra is shorter, than at men suffer from an infection of urinary tract. Besides it is closer to an anus therefore the risk of infection increases.
The infection affects the women who are actively leading sexual life and also women in the period of a menopause more often. Besides, the infection affects people with diseases of kidneys and some chronic illnesses, the weakening protective forces of an organism.
To diagnose infections of urinary tract, it is necessary to carry out the analysis of urine, a tsitoskopiya, and also some other methods of research.
The choice of a method of treatment directly depends on what infection – upper or lower uric ways – was diagnosed for the patient.
If at the patient the infection of the lower uric ways was shown that treatment can be carried out in house conditions. At a severe form of an infection of upper ways of the patient hospitalize. In the course of treatment antibiotics, analgetics, other means and methods according to the recommendation of the doctor are used. As complications of a disease palindromias are often noted.