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Dissotsialny frustration of the personality
Now dissotsialny frustration of the personality is considered one of the most inconsistent categories which quite often arise in clinical area. One claim that it not a disease, and only – cover for criminal elements and swindlers, and other specialists – a real mental disorder. All psychopathic persons suffering from dissotsialny frustration of the personality integrate in separate group owing to underdeveloped high moral senses.
This kind of frustration of the personality is allocated in special category by means of characteristic social criteria, including – inability to accurately follow the social norms dominating in society, and also to be law-abiding citizens. As a rule, sociopaths remain indifferent to various public standards, they differ in love to strong feelings, are often impulsive and in general are deprived of a sense of responsibility. As if they were not punished what numerous collectings would not be appointed, this category of persons is not capable to learn absolutely any lessons even from own negative experience.
If to approach dissotsialny frustration of the personality from a clinical position, this mental disease is allocated in special group on conditional signs. The domestic nozografichesky tradition at the moment does not allocate this group of personal frustration of the person. Many researchers consider that the special category of psychopathic persons cannot just exist as tendency to violation of the law does not join in symptoms of dissotsialny frustration of the personality at all.
This point of view has under itself the considerable reasons as legal disturbances are possible absolutely at any type of personal frustration, and also at absolutely healthy persons in the mental plan. However today not only clinical, but also forensic-psychiatric reality there is unpleasant and often an inexplicable fact. So, quite often persons with a certain psychopathic warehouse become the recidivists spending the most part of time in jails, than at liberty. Such citizens make criminal acts repeatedly, and psychiatrists carry them to persons of excitable type though also differences from them quite often are found. At the same time one persons are carried to the persons suffering from schizoid frustration of the personality, and attribute others a narcissistic syndrome or emotional instability.
Development of dissotsialny frustration of the personality
This group of psychopathic persons since early years of life is characterized by lack of any spiritual interests, selfishness, dissoluteness, impulsiveness. The persons having dissotsialny frustration of the personality are stubborn, false and quarrelsome, quite often show rigidity in relation to animal and younger children, at teenage age they enter opposition to own parents, quite often show open hostility to surrounding people. As a rule, sociopaths already at early school age, and then – and at teenage age show various models of the negative behavior, run away from the house, shirk occupations, spoil property, make cruel actions, quite often arrange arsons.
During communication with surrounding people sociopaths are quite quick-tempered, often bring themselves to an attack of anger and rage, talk smut at school, are instigators of fights and other hooligan actions. Reaching age of majority, citizens with personal frustration of this type, run away from the house, and, as a result, begin to be on the tramp and steal, including a systematic production activity just intolerable for themselves. If to study a track record of sociopaths, it is possible to see repeated change of the place of work, and also frequent absences without the disrespectful reason. Leaving, they do not even reflect to find themselves at once the new place of work.
Such people have an attachment and sincere motives are absent, they do not show attention to neighbors and neglect the developed traditions, significantly break family way, ignore moral, social and precepts of law, and, eventually, appear in jails. Though many persons suffering from dissotsialny frustration of the personality after achievement of forty-year age cease to be engaged in crime, but certain citizens throughout all the life do not stop criminal activity.
Symptoms of dissotsialny frustration of the personality
The main symptoms – complacency, and also strong confidence in own correctness. At the same time sociopaths do not estimate crucially any act, any note at own address or collecting such persons often estimate as manifestation of injustice to them. Sociopaths handle money quite carelessly, in an alcohol intoxication become even more conflict and spiteful, destroy everything around themselves and fight. Life of persons with dissotsialny frustration of the personality can be considered as series of the continuous conflicts and fight against a public order which quite often includes a forgery of securities, robberies and thefts, and also brutal acts of violence. But you should not think that sociopaths are guided only by the mercenary purposes as to them in pleasure even any insult and humiliation of surrounding people.
It is necessary to consider that persons with frustration of the personality quite often try to obtain own interests at the expense of the people surrounding them. Do not try to cause sense of shame or compassions, repentance in the sociopath or to remind him of conscience – such actions will be useless as the main feature of such citizens – callousness. If not to take into account of the mental disorders connected with the single or continuous use of drugs, dissotsialny frustration of the personality now most often contacts adults, the making criminal actions.
Timely differential diagnosis on detection of schizophrenia is in most cases necessary for the most typical cases of this group of patients differing in pronounced emotional changes. By scientists it is established that the moral dullness which is quite often arising at early age is a consequence of slowly developing schizophrenia which is characterized by chronic mania or geboidny manifestations. This fact is confirmed often also by diagnosis of dissotsialny frustration of the personality.
The reasons owing to which there is a dissotsialny frustration of the personality
Scientists and physicians try to explain antisocial frustration of the personality, developing biological, behavioural, cognitive and psychodynamic theories. At the same time the psychodynamic theory provides that development of dissotsialny frustration of the personality happens owing to absence of parent love since infantile years, and afterwards at the child the trust to all surrounding people is lost.
As a rule, the children suffering from similar frustration of the personality are characterized by emotional estrangement and come into contacts only in the destructive way, by means of force. Theorists confirm the arguments with the fact that sociopaths are more often than other people in a childhood came up against a stressful situation, often took divorce of parents hard, and then grew in an incomplete family, faced violence since the early childhood, or a lack of money of parents. The negative example of parents who behaved in this way could influence development of antisocial mental sets at sociopaths.
Theorists behaviourists claim that heavy symptoms of dissotsialny frustration of the personality quite often are imitation or imitation of behavior of other people, in particular parents. Some scientists adhering to this theory go further away, they consider that sociopathy to children is imparted by their parents, though inadvertently. Such parents can regularly support manifestation of aggression at the child, let even unconsciously. For example, when the kid begins to prove aggression, it is bad to conduct, parents quite often concede to the child that he calmed down, and the peace relations were recovered. The obstinacy and cruelty quite often takes root in this way, and too is not deliberate.
Supporters of the cognitive theory believe that the citizens suffering from antisocial frustration of the personality quite often just do not understand the importance of requirements and interests of surrounding people. And to understand the point of view which significantly differs from beliefs of sociopaths, to these persons not in power.
Thanks to the conducted researches it is possible to make the assumption that biological factors also take place at dissotsialny frustration of the personality. As a rule, sociopaths have practically no feeling of alarm, and for full process of training they can just lack no vital element. This fact is the indirect reason that people with this type of frustration of the personality cannot draw useful conclusions even from own mistakes, for this reason they do not catch reaction of people around and their emotion. Treatment of dissotsialny frustration of the personality is directed to overcoming of these problems.
It was by practical consideration proved that people with frustration of the personality are not capable to perform laboratory tasks, to find a way out of a difficult situation or a labyrinth if as key stimulation they were not threatened by corporal punishment or an essential fine. Only when experimenters imposed considerable sentence for disobedience, examinees were trained much better. But patients in itself, committing a crime, do not think of possible effects and inevitable punishment.
Some psychiatrists expressed opinion that different negative events just will not cause so strong alarm in these individuals, as at ordinary people. According to experiences of researchers-biologists examinees often react to expectation of a stress or strict preventions quite low level of excitement of a brain, at the same time the autonomous nervous system is excited quite slowly. Therefore it is rather difficult for sociopaths to catch the emotional or menacing situations, and as a result, the fear of troubles at them is almost not expressed.
Scientists assume that small physiological excitement quite often forces persons to look for adventures with dissotsialny frustration of the personality or to take the risk. Antisocial actions attract them because they are capable to increase nervous excitement and to derive pleasure from own search of thrills.
Diagnosis of dissotsialny frustration of the personality
Antisocial frustration of the personality when the patient tries to attract attention by rough discrepancy between own behavior and public norms, takes place in the following cases:
- at manifestation indifference and callousness to feelings of surrounding people;
- in case of the resistant and rough position of the sociopath consisting in irresponsibility and also in disturbance of social duties and rules, and also neglects them;
- if inability of an individual to support relationship with people in the absence of any difficulties during contact establishment comes to light;
- at very low level of tolerance to various frustrations, quite low threshold to aggression and manifestation of violence;
- if the patient cannot have feeling of own fault, and also timely derive benefit from the life experience, including strict punishments;
- the patient differs in pronounced tendency constantly to accuse surrounding people of something or to put forward various plausible explanations, to own behavior, capable to lead this individual to the serious conflict with society.
Remember that constant irritability is an accessory sign of dissotsialny frustration of the personality. But disturbance of the principles of the standard behavior is not always shown at children's and teenage age though it also occurs at a large number of patients. It should be noted that for this frustration of the personality it is desirable to consider a ratio of modern cultural norms in relation to regional social conditions accurately to define the duties ignored by the patient and rules.
Treatment of dissotsialny frustration of the personality
At this stage only a third of the patients suffering from dissotsialny frustration of the personality are exposed to treatment, but effective techniques of treatment it is not developed yet. Considerable part of patients educational institutions, their employers either law enforcement agencies force to be treated, or such patients come into the view of psychotherapists from a ligature with any other mental or psychological disorders.
Often psychotherapists of the cognitive and behavioural direction aim to force the patients having this illness, to become thoughtful about morals and feelings which had by surrounding people. Programs of treatment are directed, generally to development at an individual of self-reliance, it is essential to improve a self-assessment and to make part of a community of ordinary people.
Section: Mental, depressive disorders