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November 16, 2011
Breastfeeding – a way of food of the newborn baby which is the only adequate food.
Except direct absorption of milk by the child from mammary glands of mother, breastfeeding is an also difficult chain of psychological and physiological interactions between the child and mother. Joint stay after the delivery is one of important elements of breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding can differ in some parameters:
- Feeding directly the most biological mother
- Feeding by previously decanted milk
- Feeding by the wet nurse
- Feeding by milk of the donor
The woman's breast not ready to feeding has milk channels and a small amount of secretory fabric which expands during incubation of the child. At pregnancy channels begin to branch actively under the influence of hormones, alveoluses which walls consist of laktotsit are formed. In the middle of pregnancy they begin to make colostrum, it means that the female organism is already ready to make milk, but does not happen because of the increased level of placental hormones of it yet.
When at an organism there is a necessary amount of prolactin, breast milk begins to be developed. After each feeding its level increases a little, stimulating thus new feeding. Release of milk results from influence of oxytocin. When the child a breast, occurs reflex allocation by a hypophysis of this substance. It brings to reduction of special cells which provide expression of milk to canals which diameter can increase twice.
Feeding on demand
Appetite of the child anyway defines production of maternal milk. Therefore doctors recommend in response to signals of the child to put him to a breast every time is and implies feeding on demand. It is not limited by amount of milk, duration or on number of times. Such feeding is approved by WHO.
Specialists of WHO together with the Russian physicians recommend to mothers not less than two years to nurse the kid, at the same time till 6 months it is not recommended to enter any additives into his diet. Specialists explain such decision with importance of breast milk in forming of immunity, calcification of teeth and a skeletogeny, the correct work of all bodies.
In the first weeks after the birth the child is guided by the main instincts, and one of mother's tasks – to follow them. As soon as the child begins to behave uneasily, mother gives him a breast to satisfy hunger, I am eager, to calm, help better to fall asleep. If mother does not refuse to the child, he receives good nutrition.
Relaktation is a recovery of process of a lactation which was suspended for any reasons before. Continuous stimulation of a breast – at least time at three o'clock is necessary for it that is provided with either natural suction, or decantation. Such actions raise prolactin in blood of mother and increase ferruterous fabric. After a while in a breast milk, and in case of its timely removal begins to be produced, it begins to be developed constantly. Cases when even the grandmothers putting grandsons to a breast began to relaktirovat are known to medicine. The system of feeding of the child by the wet nurse, even that woman who up to this point yet never fed the child can be similarly adjusted.
Tandem breastfeeding is a breastfeeding of two children at the same time.
The induced lactation is a breastfeeding of the child by the woman who is not his mother. At adoption, for example, mother all the same can feed the child with own milk. Whether such lactation is caused hormones mechanical stimulation of nipples.