L-carnitine

L-Карнитин Drug photo

The description is actual on 02.02.2016

  • Latin name: L-Carnitine
  • ATH code: A16AA01
  • Active ingredient: Left carnitine (Levocarnitine)
  • Producer: OLIFEN Corporation, Laboratory of modern health, V-MIN, Russport, WEB MEDIKAL of Ltd company, Santefarm (Russia), NOW International (USA), Adifarm (Bulgaria), Rudolf Wild GmbH & Co. KG (Germany), C. Hedenkamp (Germany), etc.

Structure

Active agent a left carnitine, and also a number of additional components, including fructose is a part of means in the form of syrup.

Drug in tablets contains a left carnitine, ascorbic acid, and also additional components in quality of active agents. Tablets of some producers contain in quality of active component only a left carnitine.

Means in capsules may contain as a part of 250 or 500 mg of a left carnitine.

Release form

Several different forms of this means are made.

  • Syrup liquid in bottles on 100 ml.
  • Tablets Elkarnitin which can contain in planimetric packagings on 10 pieces, and also in polymeric bottles.
  • Capsules contain in plastic packagings on 60, 150 pieces.

Pharmacological action

Wikipedia informs that the L-carnitine is amino acid which is close to vitamins of group B. Its synthesis happens in an organism. It is synthesized from amino acids of a L-lysine and L-methionine. Therefore, in an organism there has to be enough iron, and also some vitamins — B3, B6, C.

Saying about what is the L-carnitine, it is necessary to cancel that it is called also BT or B11 vitamin. Drugs with a carnitine make anti-thyroid, anti-hypoxemic, anabolic impact, provides stimulation of regenerative activity of fabrics. Under the influence of this substance at the person appetite improves, processes of a lipometabolism become more active.

Process of synthesis of an endogenous L-carnitine happens generally in a liver, properties of an exogenous L-carnitine same, as at exogenous. It is necessary to consider, accepting the L-carnitine that this such means which normalizes the processes of a metabolism providing support of activity of a coenzyme And. Under the influence of the L-carnitine disintegration of proteinaceous and carbohydrate connections as there is a stimulation of a lipometabolism is slowed down. Therefore it is considered to be that Al Carnitine is a "pharmaceutical" zhiroszhigatel.

In the course of researches it was proved that this substance is to very important components in process of conversion in energy of the fats which are saved up in an organism, provides control of a hypoglycemia, reduces risk of a myocardial infarction, strengthening a cardiac muscle.

If in an organism the lack of this substance is observed, then fats are not burned, and gradually collect in organism cells.

If to accept the drugs containing a carnitine and to carry out physical exercises, as a result it is possible to burn essential fatty deposits. Substance reduces degree of lactoacidosis and promotes reduction of weight. Neurotrophic action of means is noted, also drug activates process of a neuranagenesis.

It is necessary to consider that this drug is a food additive, but not medicine.

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics

After the drugs containing this substance were accepted inside, active component is well soaked up in system of digestion. The greatest concentration in plasma is noted three hours later after reception. It is removed through kidneys, substance is removed in the form of metabolites.

Indications to use

It is necessary to consider not only how to accept L-Sarnitine, but also indications for reception of this drug.

L-carnitine liquid and other forms of this means are applied to increase in efficiency and endurance when performing physical exercises, and also for the purpose of more active growth of muscle bulk. This means is frequent accept those who practice sports food.

To accept in capsules and in other forms this additive reasonablly to people for whom heart troubles, for the purpose of growth of tolerance to exercise stresses are diagnosed.

Also medicine for men and women at advanced age is appointed for the purpose of suspension of process of aging of a brain, activation of memory and strengthening of concentration of attention.

Sometimes appoint to premature children, and also kids during their intensive growth for the purpose of reduction in norm of weight and the correct development of skeletal muscles of the child.

Also means can be recommended for reception to the people practicing vegetarianism to fill a lack of the L-carnitine organism, to patients with physical exhaustion that at whom appetite is reduced. The means dosage in that case is defined by the specialist.

Means where the left carnitine contains, appoint also as a part of complex treatment as auxiliary drug. Such appointment is reasonable at diseases of a liver, endocrine system, heart, vessels.

Contraindications

For administration of drug such contraindications are defined:

  • intolerance of components of medicine individual;
  • pregnancy, feeding (reception of means is not recommended).

Side effects of the L-carnitine

As a rule, at reception this means is transferred well. But isolated cases when side effects are shown are sometimes noted. In particular, can develop the dispepsichesky phenomena, symptoms of an allergy, pain in epigastric area. At people who have uraemia muscular weakness can develop during reception of this medicine. Therefore if drug intake is carried out and the specified side effects develop, it is necessary to consult with the doctor.

The instruction on the L-carnitine (A way and a dosage)

The application instruction has to be observed by those who apply L-carnitine syrup precisely. It is necessary to accept it inside, from meal time independently. It is the best of all to drink its not divorced if there is such need, wash down means with usual drinking water. As a rule, adults drink 5 ml of syrup three times a day. If means is appointed to athletes, to them recommend to drink 15 ml of syrup before training. The left carnitine is accepted courses for four-six weeks, if necessary repeatedly treat in several weeks.

If to patients till 1 year appoint the L-carnitine, the application instruction provides reception in a dose from 8 to 20 drops one-time.

Patients aged from 1 till 6 flyings receive a single dose from 20 to 28 drops, children from 6 to 12 years – a single dose of 2,5 ml. In such dose 2-3 times a day for one month give drug to children. The course can be repeated according to the recommendation of the doctor several weeks later.

How to use means in tablets and capsules, also depends on appointment of the doctor. Swallow of tablets entirely, washing down them with water. In what dosage and when to take medicine, the specialist taking into account a state of health of the patient and indications defines. In most cases to adults about 250-500 mg of HP 2-3 times a day are recommended to drink. Those who plays sports should accept 500-1500 mg of a left carnitine once before training. It is not necessary to drink means continuously too long – more than six months.

Reception of means provides in capsules that capsules need to be drunk entirely, a dosage and frequency of use same, as at tablets.

To accept in ampoules the L-carnitine in/in and intramusculary it is possible only under control of the specialist.

Overdose

In the instruction there is no information on overdose by means the L-carnitine.

Interaction

At a concomitant use of the L-carnitine with lipoic acid and anabolic drugs the therapeutic effect of a left carnitine amplifies.

At a concomitant use of glucocorticosteroids the L-carnitine collects in fabrics more actively (except a liver).

Terms of sale

It is possible to order or buy this drug in a drugstore without recipe.

Storage conditions

To store a food additive at t which is not exceeding 25 degrees.

Period of validity

1,5 years. After the bottle with syrup was opened, it is possible to keep it no more than 15 days.

Special instructions

It is necessary to consider that the advantage and harm of drug depends on that, how correctly the person accepts this means. Harm for an organism can be noted if use is conducted independently and uncontrolledly.

How to choose the most optimum drug what is better and how to accept the L-carnitine liquid it is correct, the dietitian at individual consultation will tell.

The people practicing vegetarianism have to consider what contains a natural left carnitine: this is, first of all, fish, milk and meat. Therefore at observance of such image of food there can be a need of reception of this drug.

Under the influence of the L-carnitine endurance increases, but for receiving the greatest effect it is important to adhere to the healthy, balanced nutrition. In sports food this drug is resolved officially.

Sometimes this drug is combined with reception of other zhiroszhigatel for receiving more expressed effect. Reception of the L-carnitine can be combined with geyner, proteins, coenzyme Q10 and other complexes.

Levokarnitin's analogs

Analogs of drug are the means containing the same active ingredient in structure. The L-carnitine is made under different trademarks, such additives may contain also and other active components. It is L-carnitine Acetyl, Arnebiya the L-carnitine, the Sport expert the L-carnitine from Evalar (300 mg), Multipower L-Carnitine, Doppelgerts Aktiv the L-carnitine Magnesium, Lonza, the L-carnitine Fumarates, Pauer of the L-carnitine Systems, the L-carnitine Tartrate.

In sports food also additives with a left carnitine of other producers are applied: Dymatize Acetyl L-Carnitine, L-Carnitine Complex, Dymatize L-Carnitine Xtreme, L-Carnitine Concentrate From Multipower, Genetic Force L-Carnitine 2500, L-Carnitine 2700 Liquid, Weider, CLA & L-Carnitine, L-Carnitin Power System Attack, L-Carnitine 3000, Biotech L-Carnitine, Body Shaper L-Carnitine, VP Lab L-Carnitine Concentrate, Optimum Nutrition L-Carnitine, Max Motion With L-Carnitine, L-Carnitine Caps 750 Maxler, Pure Encapsulations Coq10 L-Carnitine, the Carnitine liquid from Now Foods.

What best drug and what to choose from them, it is the best of all to ask the professional nutritionist. It is possible to find a rating and in responses at specialized forums. However all opinions of users on what drug the best in a rating and what additive of firm is better, are subjective.

Carnitine and L-carnitine

In a network is numerous About the Carnitine and the L-carnitine from which it is possible to draw a conclusion that efficiency of drugs depends on whether the person correctly accepts them, whether he keeps to a diet, whether plays sports. Use also drugs in other combinations, for example, of Ornithine and the L-carnitine.

L-carnitine and L-tartrate

Both additives, L-Carnitine and L-Tartrate – promote combustion of fat, and also endurance increase. The choice and use of specific drug are reasonable after consultation with the specialist.

L-carnitine and Creatine

Creatine promotes increase in muscle bulk at athletes and to growth of power indicators therefore sometimes reception of these two additives is combined. For what reception of these means is necessary and whether it is worth doing it, it is necessary to consult with the specialist.

Zdravzona

  • Evalar Turboslim Alpha lipoic acid and L-carnitine No. 20 TABLETKITURBOSLIM
  • Doppelgerts asset L-carnitine + magnesium 1175 of mg No. 30 tabletkiqueisser Pharma GmbH&Co. KG
  • Evalar Sportekspert L-carnitine No. 10 paketikievalar
  • Evalar Turboslim Alpha lipoic acid and L-carnitine No. 60 TABLETKITURBOSLIM
  • Arnebiya L-carnitine No. 100 kapsulynutrilo GmbH

Drugstore of IFC

  • Turboslim Alfa-lipoyevaya acid/L-carnitine tbl No. 20, Evalar (Biysk) Russia
  • Turboslim Alfa-lipoyevaya acid/L-carnitine tbl No. 60, Evalar (Biysk) Russia
  • Doppelgerts Aktiv L-carnitine + magnesium tbl No. 30, Queisser Pharmagermaniya
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Apteka24

  • Turboslim Alfa-lipoyevaya and L-carnitine tab. 0.55g No. 20evalar (Russia, Biysk)

BIOSPHERE

  • Turboslim Alpha lipoic acid and L-carnitine of 0,55 g No. 20 of table.
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Section: Dietary supplements For weight loss
in more detail

Education: "Pharmacy" graduated from the Rovno state basic medical college majoring in. Graduated from the Vinnytsia state medical university of M. I. Pirogov and internship on its base.

Experience: From 2003 to 2013 – worked at positions of the pharmacist and manager of a pharmaceutical booth. It is awarded by diplomas and distinctions for long-term and honest work. Articles on medical subject were published in local editions (newspaper) and on various Internet portals.

PAY ATTENTION! Information on drugs on the website is help generalizing, collected from public sources and can form the basis for making decision on use of medicines it is not aware of treatment. Before use of L-carnitine medicine surely consult with the attending physician.