Mycoplasmosis

Mycoplasmosis – an infectious disease or opportunistic flora, sexually transmitted which activator is the mycoplasma. Damage of an urethra and prostate at men, and damages of a neck of uterus at women is characteristic of a disease.

The person is capable to be an owner more than 14 types of mycoplasmas, 4 of which can cause mycoplasmosis. It is Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. The microbe a mycoplasma is unstable in environment therefore infection does not occur in the household ways, the illness is not transmitted through towels, ware, linen. Only way of infection unprotected sexual contact.

At chronic diseases of urinogenital system mycoplasmosis is found in 50-60% of patients. Also 5-15% of healthy people at accidental identification in an organism of mycoplasmas have an asymptomatic form of a disease. Against stresses, overcooling, decrease in immunity the asymptomatic form of an illness is activated. Also activity is shown during pregnancy. The latent form of disease lasts from three days to 1 month, the earlier it is possible to find a disease, the quicker it will respond to treatment. But as prevention of mycoplasmosis and other infections sexually transmitted is often neglected, the person can not suspect rather long time about possible infection.

Mycoplasmosis at pregnant women often leads to complications. Fruit infection during incubation does not occur, such cases are very rare and are an exception rather. The child can catch at the time of delivery, passing the patrimonial ways infected with mycoplasmas. At the same time not the urinogenital system, but respiratory bodies is surprised. The microplasma infection causes in children of an inflammation of a nasopharynx, bronchial tubes, lungs. The current and weight of an illness depends on an immune condition of the child.

Mycoplasmosis symptoms

Микоплазмоз (уреаплазмоз)In half of cases of mycoplasmosis the onset of the illness passes asymptomatically, or symptoms of mycoplasmosis are insignificant. Symptoms of infection can be shown approximately na3-5 weeks after hit of a mycoplasma in an organism. At mycoplasmosis at men the urethra, seed bubbles, testicles and their appendages, a bladder, the parauretalny courses, a prostate is surprised.

At defeat of bodies of urinogenital system such symptoms of mycoplasmosis as allocations from an urethra are observed. Allocations have transparent color, often accompanying sign is the urodynia, prostatitis can develop. Defeat of an epididymis most often causes a nagging pain in a groin, a crotch and a scrotum. The appendage increases, is observed scrotum erubescences.

Late diagnosis of mycoplasmosis because of the larvate symptoms often leads to complications. It can be diseases of an urinary system and a prostate. Some scientists consider that mycoplasmosis can cause infertility in men, but such data are very inconsistent.

Mycoplasmosis at women affects generally upper parts of a genital path – the cervical channel, pipe fallopiyeva. Microbes get to these departments mainly with men's semen, spermatozoa act as carriers of ureaplasmas. The disease can cause secondary infertility in women, that is inflammatory process breaks function of formation of an ovum, and also interferes with its normal advance.

Defeat of urinogenital system mycoplasmas is characterized by existence of different clinical forms. Manifestations can be both oligosymptomatic, and acute. Most often the chronic form of a disease with an oligosymptomatic torpid current prevails. Signs and disease a little in what differ from diseases of the same etiology – gonorrhea, trichomoniasis.

Sometimes there are symptoms similar to these diseases. Burning and itch of external genitals, skin rashes, liver pains. Mycoplasmosis is found in men an urodynia and colourless allocations more often. Symptoms of infection women can have intermenstrual bloody or brown allocations. The person infected with mycoplasmas is inclined to catarrhal diseases and other infectious defeats.

Complications of mycoplasmosis

Most often complications of mycoplasmosis are observed at pregnant women. Exacerbations of a disease during incubation of a fruit can lead to premature births. Inflammatory process on a neck of uterus and walls of a vagina provoked by mycoplasmosis can pass to amniotic covers. At the same time covers are broken off, causing a bursting of waters and provoking an abortion. The probability of premature births in the presence in an organism of mycoplasmas is 2-3 times higher.

Mycoplasmosis is the reason of the majority of puerperal complications. The most frequent dangerous complication which provokes mycoplasmosis at pregnant women an endometritis, or a uterus inflammation. Earlier this state was called a maternity fever which could lead to infertility or a lethal outcome.

Mycoplasmas can cause various diseases as independently, and accession of consecutive infections. At long disease and lack of adequate treatment such diseases as pyelonephritis, an urethritis, prostatitis, a bacterial vaginosis develop. Development of sepsis and arthritis is quite often observed. Mycoplasmosis causes an acute and chronic salpingitis, parametrites, abscesses, endometritises in women.

Diagnosis of mycoplasmosis

Микоплазмоз (уреаплазмоз)Diagnosing of mycoplasmosis is carried out by laboratory methods of research. As characteristic symptoms of mycoplasmosis are absent, and the microorganism, is how small that it is indiscernible under a microscope, a number of alternative techniques is applied.

The analysis of crops is appointed to mediums. This cultural method has high precision and allows to define existence of mycoplasmas in an organism. But as all people have their different types practically, additional analyses which establish a type of a mycoplasma and its impact on an organism are appointed.

Diagnosis of mycoplasmosis includes such researches: a method of polimeraznotsepny reaction, an immunofluorescence method, and also an enzyme immunoassay for research of specific antibodies.

Treatment of mycoplasmosis

Mycoplasmosis, as well as any other infectious disease, is treated medicamentally. A number of antibacterial drugs depending on a type of mycoplasmas is used. Not all antibiotics give a positive effect in treatment. It is connected with absence at mycoplasmas of a fibrous casing which these drugs affect. Correctly picked up medicamentous means in 95 percent of cases lead to an absolute recovery of the patient.

Treatment of mycoplasmosis has to be carried out at the same time at both sexual partners. As immunity to this infection at the person is not developed simultaneous treatment, prevents repeated infection at sexual contact. Treatment has to be selected individually as each of partners can have various strain of mycoplasmas which in turn have various stability to these or those drugs.

Except antibacterial therapy means for strengthening of immune system are appointed. Immunity easing also leads to infection and a further course of a disease.

On the termination of a course of administration of drugs, the patient should pass laboratory researches repeatedly. It will give the chance to define, how effectively there took place treatment of mycoplasmosis. Within a month also repeated crops are carried out to prevent recurrence of a disease. Such prevention of mycoplasmosis allows to prevent repeated infection and distribution of a bacterium.

Prevention of mycoplasmosis

Микоплазмоз (уреаплазмоз)Methods of prevention of infection with mycoplasmosis do not differ from prevention of all diseases that are transferred sexually. First of all it is necessary to avoid accidental sexual contacts. In the presence of one constant partner periodically to pass routine inspections. At accidental sexual bonds, and also with the non-constant partner, it is necessary to use a condom. As the disease has no characteristic signs, the accidental partner can consider himself quite healthy and at the same time have the latent form of a disease.

Use of spermicidal means, syringing and other popular methods do not prevent infection after contact with the carrier of mycoplasmas. As well as self-treatment does not lead to recovery, and attracts serious complications more often.

Section: Andrology (Man's diseases) Gynecology