Paresthesia is a state at which at the person abnormal feelings along conduction paths of peripheral nerves are shown. The patient feels a pricking or numbness. At such condition of pain is not present. This state both suddenly, and gradually develops. Paresthesia can proceed a certain amount of time or to be a constant.

Paresthesia is a symptom of a number of diseases of neurologic character. Besides this state is sometimes shown also as a result of different system diseases and as effect after the use of certain medicines.

Paresthesia reasons

Paresthesia arises as a result of damage or irritation of sites and systems which are responsible in a human body for transfer of sensitive incentives: parietal lobe of a brain, spinal cord, thalamus or peripheral nerves.

Paresthesia can arise at some states. In case of a brain tumor paresthesia can arise owing to defeat by a tumor of sites of bark of a parietal lobe which are responsible for sensitivity. In this case paresthesia is shown against apraxia, agnosia, agraphia, a gemianopiya. Also the anesthesia of proprioceptive nerves takes place.

Paresthesia arises at a stroke. However it is important to consider that in case of a stroke paresthesia sometimes arises on the opposite side. More often at the patient the anesthesia is observed.

At a syndrome to Giyena-Barra paresthesia to become the previous phenomenon before emergence of weakness in muscles which is initially shown in the lower extremities and rises to hands and facial nerves later.

ПарестезияParesthesia quite often takes place after a head injury. After a konkussiya or a contusion both unilateral, and bilateral paresthesia is often shown. But more frequent phenomenon is an anesthesia.

At patients with shingles paresthesia often arises as one of the first symptoms, at once after a dermatoma. Several days later there is a rash of erythematic vesicles which are accompanied by a severe itch, a burning sensation or pain.

At migraine display of paresthesia of hands of the person, area of a mouth sometimes is a harbinger of the approaching attack.

At patients with multiple sclerosis paresthesia arises owing to destruction of a myelin nerve fiber layer in a spinal cord. Paresthesia is one of precursory symptoms of this disease. Later, along with other symptoms paresthesia arises at the patient from time to time, and at a late stage of multiple sclerosis it can take constant shape.

Paresthesia often arises as a result of injuries of any of groups of peripheral nerves. In that case paresthesia that site which is covered by the injured nerves is surprised. It is shown through short time after an injury, sometimes passes into a constant form. The progressing paresthesia of hands and legs can arise because of a peripheral neuropathy.

At emergence at the patient of attacks which are shown owing to disturbances in a frontal lobe of a brain paresthesia of lips, fingers of extremities very often takes place.

At patients who received injury of a spinal cord paresthesia is shown below the place of damage. It can be both unilateral, and bilateral, it is accompanied by various manifestations of an anesthesia. Paresthesia is observed at tumors of a spinal cord. In that case this phenomenon is accompanied by paresis, an anesthesia and pain. Also paresthesia is a late sign of tabes.

At patients with passing ischemic disturbance of blood circulation in a brain paresthesia is shown suddenly, affecting one part of a body, for example, a hand. The attack proceeds about ten minutes, it is accompanied by paresis or paralysis.

ПарестезияAlso paresthesia is one of symptoms of a number of cardiovascular diseases. At occlusion of arteries of an acute form paresthesia arises suddenly, at the same time the patient feels cold in one or in both legs, paresis is shown. Paresthesia takes place at patients with atherosclerosis, a Thrombangiitis obliterans, Raynaud's disease, at a syndrome of the thoracic expiration. At the last disease paresthesia is shown suddenly, at assignment aside or a raising of a sore hand.

Paresthesia is shown and at some skeletal and muscular diseases. So, at patients with arthritis paresthesia of shoulders, necks, hands often takes place. In more exceptional cases when there is a defeat of lumbar department of a backbone, there is paresthesia of legs and feet. The patients having hernia of a vertebral or lumbar disk have an acute or gradual paresthesia along conduction paths of nerve terminations which were damaged.

Displays of paresthesia happen at metabolic disturbances in an organism. At a hypocalcemia there is asymmetric paresthesia of fingers of extremities, similar symptoms together with weakness of hands and legs are observed at a lack of a vitamin B organism.

Some mental diseases also provoke paresthesia. So, this phenomenon is characteristic of a hyperventilation syndrome.

Paresthesia can also testify to poisoning with heavy metals. At display of paresthesia, a pricking and cold in the field of a sting of an animal it is necessary to check suspicions for a prodromal stage of rage. Paresthesia is sometimes shown at pregnant women as one of displays of toxicosis.

Diagnosis of paresthesia

For definition of origins of this state it is necessary to define what illness provoked paresthesia. For this purpose it is necessary to study a case history of the patient, first of all. The specialist performs neurologic inspection of the patient. The subsequent diagnosis includes different methods: blood test, X-ray, computer tomography, electromyography. In view of an anesthesia at paresthesia the patient without fail has to learn about all precautionary measures. The subsequent treatment is directed to therapy of the illness which caused paresthesia, in general.

Section: Neurology
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Education: "Pharmacy" graduated from the Rovno state basic medical college majoring in. Graduated from the Vinnytsia state medical university of M. I. Pirogov and internship on its base.

Experience: From 2003 to 2013 – worked at positions of the pharmacist and manager of a pharmaceutical booth. It is awarded by diplomas and distinctions for long-term and honest work. Articles on medical subject were published in local editions (newspaper) and on various Internet portals.