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Polyps in intestines
Polyps in intestines are high-quality tumorous education. It keeps on a leg or on the wide basis and hangs down from intestines walls in its gleam. Polyps in intestines can appear as a result of chronic inflammatory processes of a mucous membrane of intestines. There is also a theory that else in the period of embryonic development excess of germinal material in some cases takes place. It also turns into such education in the course of an inflammation. Hyperplastic polyps of intestines — small, most often find them in a rectum. Such polyps do not belong to educations neoplastic.
Gamartomatozny polyps in intestines grow from usual fabrics if their combination unusual or a certain element of fabric develops disproportionately.
Youthful polyps of intestines are polyps of gamartomatozny type in a colon.
Adenomatous polyps in intestines are an optional appendage. Depending on what type and the size at such polyps, depends probability of their subsequent regeneration. Tubular adenomas have pink color, a smooth and dense surface. Existence of a large number of vetvepodobny outgrowths on a surface is characteristic of fleecy adenomas. In most cases they have the wide basis and a soft consistence. Generally the disease proceeds asymptomatically, however in some cases the chair can become watery, with availability of impurity of dark blood. Fleecy adenomas are stronger saturated cells in view of what there is stronger risk of their regeneration. One more type of adenomas — tubular and fleecy adenomas. In them there are elements and that, and other type of adenomas. Intestinal polyps of inflammatory type appear owing to growth of a mucous membrane as reactions to the acute inflamed process. These are not neoplastic educations, but so-called pseudoneoplasms.
Symptoms of polyps in intestines
As a rule, at people with intestinal polyps the expressed illness symptoms are not shown. At fleecy adenomas of kcal may contain a large amount of slime. Also there can be bleeding. If polyps in intestines too big, then they can create imitation of symptoms of partial intestinal obstruction, and there will be at the same time skhvatkoobrazny painful feelings.
According to researches, in 95% of cases from adenomatous and fleecy polyps the colorectal cancer arises for 5 — 15. In view of the fact that the illness proceeds without the expressed symptoms, find polyps in intestines generally during endoscopic research. But if fleecy tumors grow to the big size and reach two-three centimeters, the patient can have releases of blood and slime, pain in a stomach and in an anus, to arise a proctal itch. The person can have both a lock, and a diarrhea. If fleecy tumors reach very big sizes, then in view of too strong mucifying can significantly be broken a homeostasis. It happens because of big losses of protein and electrolytes. Also in view of invagination polyps in intestines can provoke partial obstruction or acute full impassability.
Diagnosis of polyps in intestines
If the patient complains of existence of symptoms about which there was a speech above, then the specialist without fail conducts manual research of a rectum and a rektoromanoskopiya. During manual research the rectum site about ten centimeters from edge of an anus is available to survey. It is very important to apply this diagnostic method without fail, it is for the specialist an informative method of identification of a number of the accompanying diseases in a rectum, surrounding cellulose, and at men to reveal problems in a prostate.
Before carrying out a rektoromanoskopiya it is necessary to carry out thorough training to procedure, having given enemas cleansing or previously having accepted laxative drugs orally. Rektoromanoskopiya is the method giving wider picture: it allows to find the most part of educations in intestines, more than a half of all polyps are in a direct and sigmoid gut, that is in a zone of penetration of a rektoskop which to be entered on 25-30 cm. If polyps in intestines were found, it is necessary to investigate very carefully departments of a large intestine which are above, and also a stomach. Rather often polyps strike different departments of a gastrointestinal tract. X-ray and endoscopic inspections are applied to further research.
One more method which is often applied to detection of polyps, an irrigoskopiya. With its help it is possible to reveal the majority of polyps which size has 1 cm of a diameter diameter. But to find small educations rather difficult. So during surveys for the purpose of prevention it is necessary to use a colonoscope which allows to diagnose polyps of any size.
Treatment of polyps in intestines
To remove polyps in intestines on a thin leg, generally use methods of loopback electrocoagulation during a kolonoskopiya. If polyps have the wide basis, as a rule, excise them. If the form or the sizes of polyps are that that they do not give in to removal at endoscopy, then they are deleted, performing a surgery. The same concerns also polyps with ozlokachestvleniye signs.
According to supervision by the specialist, polyps synchronous, that is such that appear at the same time, are observed in 20% of cases, at the same time in 30% cases nonsynchronous educations are swept aside. So specialists for identification of polyps appoint carrying out a X-ray analysis with barium, and also a full kolonoskopiya. These methods can be combined and be applied time in three years. Every year at people with existence of polyps check kcal regarding the occult blood.
Polyps in which there took place regeneration process and so-called early cancer was shown, delete, using endoscopic equipment. But at the same time the doctor considers some features. So, it is important that such polyps answered the following characteristics: they have to keep on a leg, malignant regeneration is observed only on a head of a polyp, educations did not sprout elements of venous or lymphatic system.
After carrying out operation patients have to stay constantly on dispensary observation. If high-quality polyps in intestines were removed, then the patient should be examined approximately in two months. After that visit to the specialist each half a year is obligatory. If fleecy tumors, then survey tiresomely underwent removal to spend each three months. Such schedule is actual in the first year after removal of polyps, further inspection is performed once a year. It is important to consider that after removal of polyps palindromias are possible.
Prevention of polyps in intestines
It is important to consider that in the presence of relatives for whom polyps in intestines were diagnosed the risk of emergence of such disease increases by four-five times.
Therefore it is important to adhere to preventive measures. So, it is very important to eat healthy food, to drink a lot of water and to regularly accept cellulose in food. The use of the refined products is not recommended. It is necessary to refuse smoking and to try to adhere healthy and active lifestyle. It is also very important not to allow manifestations of locks which can provoke inflammatory processes and, as a result, development of polyps.