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Disorder of intestines
March 25, 2012
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Disorder of intestines is the state arising owing to various disturbances of functions of intestines. Disorder of intestines in some cases is defined by the term "syndrome of the angry intestines" and is a functional disease, that is at a bright clinical picture laboratory analyses find a minimum of confirmations of existence of a disease.
Reasons of disorder of intestines
According to statistical data, in the world about 18% of adults suffer from manifestations of a syndrome of the angry intestines. These patients have bright clinical symptoms of disorder of intestines. First of all, it is an abdominal pain and disturbances of a chair which arise without the expressed reasons. Most often the disease is shown at young people, and also at patients at mature age. In most cases similar disorder of intestines is shown against a constant stress.
Also acute intestinal infections, persistent infections of a digestive tract which environments and parasitic infections become the reasons of disorder of intestines often. People to whom the diagnosis "dysbacteriosis" was made in due time are also included into risk group because of irritation of an intestinal wall owing to shifts of microflora.
Can be the reasons of disorder of intestines both infectious diseases, and individual intolerance of certain food stuffs. So, often disorder of intestines is shown owing to the use of excess quantity of fat food, and also the products containing a large amount of cellulose.
In certain cases allergic reaction to a certain type of products can become the reason of frustration also. Besides, disorder of intestines is shown as a use effect in food of products which are not combined among themselves, stale or low-quality food. It is important to consider that in development of disorder of intestines in an organism toxins which negatively influence an organism generally are always formed.
Women sometimes test symptoms of disorder of intestines in view of hormonal shifts as consequences of a menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of disorder of intestines
This disease is shown by a number of unpleasant symptoms: a raspiraniye, swelling and pain in a stomach. The patient can have a diarrhea, a lock, or these states will alternate. If in the course of complex inspection the reason of this state is not established, then the syndrome of the angry intestines can be the diagnosis of the patient. In that case abdominal pains at the patient are often shown in the mornings, after awakening. Their intensity can be both tolerant, and very strong. In the morning also the strong meteorism is observed. The person suffers from constant diarrhea, at the same time he feels that intestines are released not completely. Besides, at disorder of intestines of people feels a constant abdominal murmur, and the chair is often allocated together with slime.
In a condition of a syndrome of the angry intestines pain can amplify considerably in the course of acceptance of food, and also in the period of a stress. In such time of people often visits a toilet.
Some people also have tenesmus – feeling of false desires to defecation, but the chair at the same time is absent. At the same time in a rectum unpleasant feelings and pain are shown.
However, in certain cases symptoms of disorder of intestines at the person can be expressed not so brightly. Why manifestations of disorder of intestines so strongly differ at different people, specialists find out still.
Complications of disorder of intestines
The similar state is fraught with unpleasant effects in the form of some complications. If at the patient constant diarrhea is observed, then the organism loses elements, necessary for full life activity. Big losses of calcium are fraught with disturbance of functioning of cardiovascular system, sharp jumps of arterial pressure, problems with thermal control of an organism and development of vegeto-vascular dystonia. Also shortage of potassium can become the reason of emergence of stones in kidneys, spasms of extremities.
If in an organism shortage of magnesium takes place, then the patient can suffer from frustration of mentality, nervousness, a syndrome of chronic fatigue.
Besides, chronic disorder of intestines breaks normal functioning of system of digestion in general.
Diagnosis of disorder of intestines
At the address of the patient to the gastroenterologist with complaints to symptoms of disorder of intestines, the doctor, first of all, conducts detailed survey, paying attention to feeding habits and way of life of the person. After that inspection of a stomach, with the purpose to define existence of swelling, a visible vermicular movement of intestines is performed.
Stomach percussion is sometimes carried out that allows to differentiate excessive accumulation of gases and ascites. It is important to carry out a palpation by means of which it is possible to find out where pain is localized, to define what situation and properties of departments of a large intestine.
If necessary the doctor also appoints carrying out manual research through a rectum, and also a rektoromanoskopiya. The last method of research allows to study pathology of the lower part of the digestive channel. This technique of research is actual in the presence of purulent discharges from a rectum, and also presence of blood traces at them. Carry out a rektoromanoskopiya and the patient at whom disorder of intestines is shown by a chronic lock.
Besides, in the course of diagnosis X-ray and koprologichesky inspection can be necessary. Sometimes also bacteriological research a calla is necessary.
Treatment of disorder of intestines
To get rid of problems with intestines, it is necessary first of all, to adjust own way of life, and also a way of food. It is very important to eat only those products to which intestines react normal functioning and to exclude the food appealing disorder of intestines from a diet. The use of some fruit and vegetables, sweets, coffee can often be the cause of disorder of intestines. However only the attending physician can make the exact recommendations concerning healthy nutrition sick disorder of intestines. In this case the diet has to be strictly individual and picked-up taking into account features of a disease specific patient. Often normalization of works of intestines requires the use of products or food additives with the content of cellulose.
One more important point in treatment of disorder of intestines – whenever possible to avoid serious stressful situations and emotional shocks.
As drug treatment at heavy disorder of intestines which is shown by diarrhea the doctor sometimes appoints intravenous infusional therapy for recovery of a water balance. As the means eliminating diarrhea the smekta, imodium is often appointed. If disorder of intestines which is shown by a lock takes place, then for treatment purgatives are used.
It is important to consider that disorder of intestines which has the virus nature it is not necessary to treat with use of antibiotics. However reception of antidepressants is in certain cases shown. But exclusively attending physician has to resolve an issue of purpose of these drugs.
Diet at disorder of intestines
In this case the patient does not need to adhere to a rigid diet. Another is important: selection of products according to individual portability. If disorder of intestines is expressed mainly by diarrhea, then it is necessary to exclude hot, fried, fat, smoked dishes from the everyday menu. Negatively the general condition of the patient is influenced also by coffee, alcoholic and carbonated drinks, flour products. Some people note negative impact on a condition of intestines also of products from milk.
Among the dishes recommended for the use it is necessary to call porridges, soups, kissels, vegetables in a boiled look. As drinks grass collecting will approach.
At disorder of intestines with regular locks it is recommended to include the products containing cellulose, vegetables, fruit, whole grain dishes in an everyday diet. In the presence of an allergy to certain products it is important obligatory to exclude them from a diet completely. At a lock animal fats recommend to replace with vegetable oil: sunflower or olive.
In the course of observance of a diet it is important to correct also a way of food. It is necessary to eat food in the small portions and more often than usually. Food should be eaten slowly, to chew and not to be distracted carefully by other occupations. Besides, help to adjust activity of intestines and gastrointestinal tract in general regular trainings physical culture.
Exists also much folk remedies which effectively influence a condition of the patient. Will weaken an intestinal wall it is possible by means of the regular use of a peppermint: it is possible to drink infusion of leaves or to add them to carved dishes. Its inflammation helps to weaken an intestinal path and to remove the collecting herbs prepared from a camomile, hop, a peppermint, a Chinese yam, a mallow medicinal.
Besides, at a gastric disturbance which is followed by a diarrhea it is possible to make tansy flowers, a burnet grass, alder fruits, plantain leaves, a celandine grass, camomile flowers, fennel seeds. Besides, it is recommended to use dried bilberry, potato starch (to dissolve one teaspoon in half of glass of water). At diarrhea it is possible to drink rather weak green tea, spirit infusion of a peel of young walnuts.
For elimination of a lock the use of fermented milk products, cabbage, beet, turnip, a radish, apricots, plums is recommended. It is on an empty stomach recommended to drink carrot juice, and also potatoes juice. Besides, positive effect berries of a guelder-rose, cowberry, cherry juice, broths of dried fruits have on an organism of the patient. Broth of a linen seed, leaves of a nettle, flowers of a yarrow, buckthorn bark is useful.