Serotonin

Serotonin is a hormone neuromediator, is biogenic amine.

Serotonin role

Functions of serotonin are diverse, under its management there is a set of processes in a human body. Decrease in level of serotonin leads to increase of painful sensitivity, that is the small irritation can respond serious pain. Some specialists connect development of migraine with defects in production of serotonin. Disturbance of a metabolism of this hormone can lead to disturbance of a daily cycle also.

This hormone acts as an important neuromediator of a nervous system: he acts as the intermediary who transfers an electric impulse between neurons.

Irreplaceable acid tryptophane is a predecessor of serotonin which is metabolized in a brain. Tryptophane is necessary for an organism for normally metabolism sufficient level. Its main sources are fish, cheese, eggs, bean, cottage cheese, chocolate, soy, tomatoes, bananas, soy, a fig, plums, dates.

Synthesis of serotonin and its action on a nervous system still remains studied not up to the end, but the fact that this hormone is one of the major is authentically known: without its participation the momentum transfer is impossible that means approach of failures in all nervous system.

The level of serotonin both increased, and lowered is unhealthy the person. The increased level leads to strong excitement, panic, concern, the lowered level of serotonin can be the cause of depressive frustration, constant feeling of depression. Considering such opportunities of this hormone, for treatment of depressions often appoint antidepressants which effect is based on increase of level of serotonin. In case of overdose the opposite effect with side effects in the form of confusion of consciousness, a tremor, a lack of coordination, strong excitement, concern, etc. is possible.

Considerably serotonin controls behavior of the person. Appetite, mood, a dream and even suicide behavior are in many respects regulated by this substance.

Except problems with a nervous system, disturbance of a metabolism of serotonin can lead to problems of cerebral circulation. Scientists established for a long time that ischemic and cerebral strokes have a certain communication with serotonin level in a brain, but the mechanism of such communication is meanwhile not revealed.
Alcohol also exerts impact on the serotonin use. The high spirits after its acceptance usually are specific compensation of shortage of serotonin.

Even for coagulability of blood serotonin plays an important role. Its such function is provided due to increase of activity of thrombocytes in formation of blood clots, and it also provides coagulation process. One of mechanisms of ensuring coagulation is allocation from the damaged serotonin fabrics.

Strengthening of secretion and vermicular movement of intestines and bacterial metabolism are also important functions of serotonin.

Hormone melatonin is a serotonin antipode. Its development comes in an epiphysis from serotonin. As melatonin is produced from serotonin, sleeplessness often takes place at a depression: melatonin is necessary for a dream, but during a depression at the lowered serotonin level its level also gives.

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