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AIDS/HIV OF 2011
About thirty flyings ago the immunodeficiency virus then scientists also diagnosed one of the most horrible viral diseases of the present – AIDS was for the first time revealed. "Plague of the 20th century" — such name was received by the virus which is promptly extending on the planet. Still there is no medicine guaranteeing an absolute recovery. Despite creation of new vaccines from AIDS, unfortunately, in the 21st century the mankind is forced to state: AIDS – is incurable.
AIDS in the world
Then, in 1981, the quantity of infected was estimated in tens, in five years the number of patients sharply increased and reached a point of 10 thousand people. According to data of the UN, daily 7400 people catch a virus. AIDS knows no limit, on the earth there is no country where cases of infection with this dangerous illness would not be recorded. Today in the world there are about 40 million infected. More than 22 million inhabitants of our planet died from a virus. And, as it is not regrettable, other people infected with "plague of the 20th century" are waited by the same fate. Average life expectancy of the acquired immunodeficiency infected with a virus makes no more than 10 years.
According to the last report of the Integrated program of the UN on AIDS — "UNAIDS", 56 countries for the last decade it was succeeded to reduce growth rates of new infection focuses of HIV and AIDS by 20%. First of all, the countries of the African continent managed to achieve positive takes. Meanwhile, the greatest decrease in number of diseases is observed in the countries of North America, and also the Central and Western Europe – about 30%. Achievements in the Asian region much more modestly, nevertheless, the situation was stabilized here, and new cases of infection with a virus becomes less. By estimates of the international experts, against general positive tendencies of decrease in an incidence and distribution of AIDS worst of all the situation is in countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
According to the UN, the quantity infected over the last 10 years in countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia increased by 4 times. At the same time, more than 90% of new infection focuses are the share of Russia and Ukraine. The gain of quantity infected in Georgia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan is noted 25%.
AIDS in Russia
According to the experts the UN, HIV and AIDS in Russia assumed a scale of national accident. At preservation of today's rate of distribution of an infection over the country by 2050 its population can be reduced by 30%, and according to the most adverse forecasts, to 50%. Therefore, in nine years, i.e. in 2020, expected losses of GDP will make 10,5%.
Today the official statistics "claims" that in Russia as of the end of 2010 the quantity of infected is made by 589 581 persons among which 5 227 – children till 15 flyings. But real indicators can be several times more, about 1,5 million people or 1% of adult population of Russia. And 2% of infections are the share of young citizens of the country aged from 15 till 30 flyings.
From year to year positive dynamics of growth of incidence of a virus is observed. So, in 2007 it was recorded 44 761 new HIV infections, in 2008 this figure made already 54 563, in 2009 – 58 527, and in 2010 – 58 633. In spite of the fact that the virus of an immunodeficiency struck all regions of Russia, is observed neravnomernoyerasprostraneny incidences.
Among all Russian regions in number of new cases of infection with AIDS the Kemerovo region where 144,9 new carriers of a virus are the share of 100 thousand of the population is in the lead. It is followed by the Samara region with an indicator – 117,6. In the Irkutsk region this figure equals 110,8, Sverdlovsk region – 109,6, slightly concedes in the Leningrad region – 107, in Novosibirsk – 106,3, in the Orenburg region – 96,1 HIV new carriers.
These regions are in the lead also on the general incidence of a fatal infection. So, in the Samara region 1226,7 registered patients with HIV infection are the share of each 100 thousand people. This indicator is equal in the Irkutsk region 1196,8, in Leningrad – 1084,9, in Sverdlovsk – 979,9 people.
Many will agree that in statistical data direct link with the high level of drug addiction in these regions is easily traced. Experts unanimously claim, and the statistical facts confirm that the main source of infection and distribution of HIV in Russia, as before, is the use by citizens of the country of injecting drugs.
Approximately from the middle of the 90th years in Rossi sharp jump of quantity dependent on heroin was observed. In view of extremely high probability of infection with a virus when sharing one syringe, prompt distribution of AIDS began with this group of the population. As a result, today 60% Russian dependent on injecting drugs are owners of the status "HIV-positive".
Along with it, new tendencies accurately were outlined. First, the number of the infected women increases from year to year, to 40% of new cases of infection it is the share of women. Secondly, even more often aged people from 30 to 40 years are exposed to infection. Thirdly, increase in growth of quantity of cases of infection with a virus by means of heterosexual contacts (40% from quantity of new virus carriers), but not homosexual as it is considered to be which quantity in 2010 made only 1,3% of total quantity of infections is observed.
All these facts demonstrate that "risk group" has to include all population of the country. Citizens of the most active age, regardless of sexual orientation are exposed to infection mostly.
The statistics of AIDS victims demonstrates that from infection nobody is insured. Can acquire the status of the HIV-positive any, regardless of religion, a nationality, a social status, etc. This idea is the cornerstone of carrying out the international Day of memory of AIDS victims. Every third Sunday of May millions of inhabitants of our planet as a sign of sympathy and grief on those whose lives were claimed by this dreadful disease, will organize various actions once again to remind everyone of danger which is concealed in itself by this fatal virus.