And whether you know...
The operating ingredient — extract of a dense valerian is a part of drug.
Besides, the valerian contains some additional substances in tablets: magnesium carbonate the main, sodium of a kroskarmelloz (primeloz); potato starch, calcium stearate, gelatin.
Extract of a valerian is made in the form of tablets for oral administration. The tablet can be yellow, brown. Tablets of a valerian are covered with a cover, packaging can contain 10 or 50 tablets.
Drug has a plant origin. Wikipedia demonstrates that the valerian medicinal is a herbaceous, perennial plant.
Other its name – a cat's grass as it is well-known how the valerian affects cats. The cat's grass as sometimes call a valerian in a different way, causes the expressed reaction of excitement in cat's.
Features of a plant can be considered on a photo of a valerian medicinal.
Extract of a valerian exerts moderate sedative impact on an organism. Such influence is noted in view of existence in its composition of essential oil which main content — ester of isovaleric acid and baras camphor.
Components valerin and hotenin have also sedative effect. As a result, the slow, but stable soothing effect is noted.
Under the influence of means processes of braking in a cerebral cortex amplify. Also synthesis and secretion of GAMK in synapses of neurons of a cerebral cortex increases. Such influence takes place only in case of total influence of substances which are as a part of a valerian.
Extract promotes simplification of approach of a natural dream. Valerianic acid and valepotriata make weak spasmolytic impact. Also active agents of a valerian provide cholagogue influence, activates secretory activity of a mucous membrane of a gastrointestinal tract, delay of a heart rhythm and expansion of coronary vessels.
Therapeutic influence is noted if treatment is carried out systematically and throughout a long span.
Valerian extract in view of existence in its structure of an aktinidin unusually influences animals – representatives cat's.
Answering a question why cats love a valerian, specialists note that began to smell an aktinidin reminds the smell of some substances which is contained in urine of cats.
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
There is not enough information on pharmacokinetics of tablets valerian extract as precisely it is impossible to identify an effective agent of drug.
After reception orally of 600 mg of dry extract of a valerian the greatest concentration of valerenovy acid is noted 1-2 hours later. The pharmacokinetics does not change if drug is accepted repeatedly.
Indications to use
Use of tablets of a valerian is shown in the following cases:
- high extent of nervous excitement;
- sleeplessness and problems with backfilling;
- vegeto-vascular dystonia;
- functional frustration of cardiovascular system (as a part of complex treatment);
- spasms of bodies of a gastrointestinal tract (as a part of complex treatment).
Before taking a valerian pill for pressure, at a stress (before examination, etc.), it is necessary to consult to the doctor who will tell how to take a pill how many to drink and whether it is necessary to do it surely.
Before beginning reception of this means, it is necessary to know its medicinal properties and contraindications. It is impossible to accept drug if the following states and diseases are noted:
- high sensitivity to medicine components;
- intolerance of fructose;
- deficit of lactase;
- deficit of invertase/isomaltase;
- glucosic galaktoznaya malabsorption;
- first trimester of pregnancy;
- age till 3 flyings.
Pregnant women should consider useful properties and contraindications, to consult to the doctor.
In the course of treatment such side effects of tablets can be shown:
- drowsiness and lowering of working capacity;
- weakness of muscles;
- lock (if long use practices).
Side effects in the form of allergic reactions can sometimes develop.
Valerian extract, application instruction of tablets (Way and dosage)
The instruction on a valerian provides reception on 1-2 tablets in tablets three times a day right after meal. If necessary the dose can increase, but only under control of the specialist. Treatment has to continue from 2 to 4 weeks.
The application instruction of a valerian provides carrying out in need of repeated courses of therapy in tablets. It is not necessary to adjust a dose to people at whom disturbances of functions of a liver, kidneys are noted.
How to take other forms of medicine (a valerian Bulgarian, a valerian brown, etc.), it is necessary to specify at the doctor who appoints treatment.
How to drink a valerian in tablets at a certain disease, the doctor appointing the scheme of therapy has to tell.
Overdose by the Valerian
Overdose effects a valerian in tablets – manifestation of drowsiness, weakness of muscles, block and other signs of oppression of the central nervous system.
At heavy overdose bradycardia, arrhythmia can be noted. As a rule, such symptoms appear at reception of high doses of medicine (the dose exceeding usual by 20 times more).
However that how many tablets cause the similar phenomena, individually for each person. In the instruction the lethal dose of means is not specified. Whether it is possible to die after the expressed overdose, depends on a state of health of the person.
At overdose it is necessary to cancel drug at once, to carry out gastrointestinal lavage, to give to the patient absorbent carbon, and also magnesium sulfate to prevent intestinal absorption of substances and to cause laxative action. There is no specific antidote.
Valerian extract in tablets can strengthen influence of sedative and somnolent drugs, strengthen influence of spasmolysants.
Before accepting a valerian in tablets, it is necessary to report to the doctor about all drugs which the patient uses for treatment in parallel.
Terms of sale
It is possible to buy valerian extract without recipe.
It is necessary to protect tablets from access for children, store them in the dry place, at the same time temperature has to make 12–15 °C.
Period of validity
It is possible to store tablets 5 years.
It is necessary to read accurately the instruction before reception of means to compare what the advantage and harm at reception of means in each case are.
If tablets are applied throughout a long span, action on the person can lead to lowering of psychomotor reactions. Through how many drug thus works, depends on specific features of an organism.
During drug intake it is necessary to consider how the valerian affects the person therefore it is necessary to manage carefully transport, and also to perform other operations demanding reaction accuracy.
Other name of a plant – a cat's grass as call it in view of the fact that the valerian causes specific action on animals. Interests many whether the valerian is harmful to cats.
About why cats like this medicine, it is possible to learn, having studied its structure. Why medicine so works, explains existence in its composition of substance aktinidin.
As a rule, cats after a valerian behave especially. But, answering a question whether it is possible to give to a dog or whether it is possible to give to a cat a valerian, it should be noted that sometimes veterinarians even appoint this drug to cats in small doses for the purpose of increase of a vitality.
Unlike people, this means does not calm cats. Cases when overdoses led to death of an animal are noted. Sometimes a lethal dose for a cat – rather small amount of drug from what it is desirable not to keep tablets in places where animals have access.
If to give a valerian in tablets for dogs, means can provoke allergic reactions at an animal.
Coincidence on the ATH code of the 4th level:
In drugstores a large amount of various drugs on the basis of a valerian is implemented. In particular, it Valerian's P means, Himalaya valerian, valerian Bulgarian, etc. Also there is a number of drugs with similar indications.
That it is better: Valerian or Motherwort?
Answering a question that it is better — a valerian or a motherwort, it is necessary to consider that influence of a motherwort on a human body almost similar. However at treatment of neurosises and cardiovascular diseases more expressed effect at reception of a motherwort is noted.
Those who are interested raise or lowers pressure it is means, have to consider that at reception of a motherwort indicators of the ABP decrease.
/a class='other-apteks-link link03'>to show still
PAY ATTENTION! Information on drugs on the website is help generalizing, collected from public sources and can form the basis for making decision on use of medicines it is not aware of treatment. Before Valerian medicine use extract surely consult with the attending physician.