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Tooth deposits (hygiene of teeth)
January 31, 2013
Hygiene of teeth and oral cavity has to be observed from children's age and to become that a useful habit which will provide a normality of an oral cavity and teeth.
Daily toothbrushing is considered the main method of hygiene. It is necessary to brush teeth twice a day, using at the same time a denture powder or toothpaste. The correct toothbrushing – as with external, and from the inside – allows to clean all remains of food, to get rid of a plaque on teeth. Use of toothpaste gives at the same time the chance to clean an unpleasant smell and harmful microflora from a mouth. However there is also a need of elimination of tooth deposits which periodically appear on teeth.
Types of tooth deposits
Tooth deposits call a dental plaque and a dental calculus. It is accepted to subdivide all deposits on soft and firm. The soft not mineralized deposits are tooth plaques and a dental plaque.
Tooth plaques are the granulated amorphous deposits which gradually collect on teeth, prostheses, seals. Tooth plaques are formed of the food which remained on teeth, waste products of bacteria which are on teeth, and also from slime. Tooth plaques are very densely fixed on a tooth surface therefore they are deleted with exclusively physical methods.
If tooth plaques merge owing to the wrong hygiene of a mouth, then on teeth the dental plaque is formed. The plaque looks as the dense mass of yellowish color which collects mainly near necks of teeth, between teeth, under teeth. If hygiene of a mouth is not observed, then the plaque can cover teeth completely. The dental plaque consists of the same components, as a plaque.
Tooth deposits at the person are not only an esthetic problem. They provoke development of some diseases of gums — an ulitis, a periodontal disease, and also can become the reason of diseases of teeth. Such influence of a dental plaque is caused by the fact that availability of waste products of bacteria in it provokes a chronic inflammation in a mouth.
Partially dental plaque can be cleaned at daily toothbrushing with toothpaste use. But if care of teeth is carried out not too carefully, then the part of a plaque remains between teeth. Gradually there is its mineralization owing to what it turns into a dental calculus which is the amorphous or crystal deposits which are on a tooth surface.
The dental calculus develops at the people having very strong salivation, the changed viscosity of saliva more often. Also its education happens at patients to the broken exchange processes that occurs owing to improper feeding and diseases of a gastrointestinal tract. Tooth deposits appear after treatment by some drugs, in particular antibiotics. A weighty factor is also insufficient hygiene of a mouth. The most often dental calculus develops at smokers, and, its color under the influence of nicotine becomes dark brown. It is difficult to remove a dental calculus at smokers as it strongly is implemented into enamel.
The dental plaque is formed not only because of non-compliance with hygiene. Not its emergence also influences aspiration constantly is only very soft food which parts are hammered between teeth. Sometimes the person has a habit to chew food only on the one hand. At the same time on other party there are tooth deposits as there is no cleaning of teeth in the course of chewing. If the person has uneven teeth, malocclusion, then to brush teeth much more difficult. Therefore, between them dental calculi can also develop.
If the soft dental plaque timely is not removed, then it becomes impregnated with limy salts over time and becomes a firm dental calculus. Sometimes the dental calculus is postponed under edge of gums and for surfaces of a tooth root. Gradually the gingiva is pushed aside by a dental calculus, there is an irritation and, as a result, gingivas bleed.
At the started cases development of inflammatory process of gums – an ulitis at which there is department of pus is possible. From behind this disease patients have a fetor from a mouth. Besides, tooth deposits lead to formation of periodontosis over time.
The dental calculus sometimes covers tooth completely. It occurs if tooth does not participate in chewing process.
Dental calculi are subdivided on naddesnevy and subdingival. If at the person the dental calculus develops naddesnevy, then it will be located above, than the gingival edge, and its color can be both whitish, and brown, and black. As a rule, the dental calculus of this kind friable, and by means of the special tool easily is removed from tooth. Such deposits are near output channels of big sialadens. They can be postponed also on dentures if the person does not provide high-quality care of them.
Tooth deposits of this type arise owing to impact of saliva on a soft dental plaque. Process of a mineralization of a soft plaque which removal does not happen can be mineralized approximately in 12 days. During this time there is also a dental calculus.
Classification also defines a subdingival dental calculus. It is formed more deeply than gingival edge in the place where there is a pathological dentogingival pocket. It always dark brown color. Such dental calculus is much firmer, than naddesnevy. Its education results from stay on a surface of tooth of parts of exudate from the center of an inflammation and components from blood which gets from vessels of a dentogingival pocket there. Saliva does not participate in formation of such stone. It is more difficult to get rid of such stones, however by means of modern methods it is possible. In particular, removal of tooth deposits by ultrasound, and also special tools practices. Only removal of such stones can protect the person from development in the future of a periodontal disease.
It is rather simple to diagnose existence of tooth complications. The person can independently make out tooth deposits which at him appeared. Firm deposits are noticeable as they have a certain color. And the solutions which are specially intended for this purpose, after a covering by which places with a plaque will be painted in a certain color are applied to diagnosis of soft deposits. Besides, the dentist will find tooth deposits during survey.
Professional toothbrushing allows to remove firm tooth deposits. To remove a firm plaque and stones without intervention of professionals it will not turn out. At implementation of professional cleaning initially stones and a plaque disconnect from tooth by means of ultrasound or special manual tools. Further additional cleaning of intervals between teeth is carried out. The special stream of water with addition of soda or strips – plates from metal or plastic is for this purpose used. The remains of a plaque are ground by elastic bands and disks for polish then teeth are cleared to gloss by means of a special brush. It is important to polish qualitatively teeth as at faultless polish the plaque is formed much more slowly. At such procedures the adamantine substance of tooth does not spoil. For the purpose of prevention after cleaning of teeth they are covered with gel with fluorine.
After work of cleaning for two days it is impossible to use that food which paints teeth in undesirable color. It is juice, food with dyes, coffee, tea. It is also desirable not to smoke. In two days on teeth the cuticle will appear. It is the film protecting teeth which is cleaned off during professional removal of a plaque.
As it is correct to brush teeth
Basis of respect for hygiene of teeth is their correct daily cleaning. Teeth need to be brushed carefully for three and more minutes. At the same time the correct movements have to be carried out. The mouth is divided into several zones, and each of zones is cleared separately that the plaque was not carried on all mouth. Cleaning a front and internal surface of teeth, it is necessary to make the sweeping-out movements: up from a gingiva on a mandible, down from a gingiva on an upper jaw. It is necessary to clean a chewing surface of teeth smooth roundabouts.
It is necessary to change a brush, at least, once in three months. It is desirable to use brushes of average rigidity from an artificial bristle. Toothpaste needs also to be chosen taking into account specific features of teeth and an oral cavity. It is not necessary to apply medical pastes without doctor's instructions. The bleaching toothpastes cannot also be applied constantly. After toothbrushing it is possible to use also a conditioner for a mouth which gives more expressed freshness to breath. The dental floss needs to be used at least once a day, clearing space between teeth before going to bed.
Not to allow formation of tooth deposits, hygiene of teeth and a mouth has to be observed. Each person has to know accurately all rules of hygiene of teeth and carry out them. Personal hygiene provides not only daily toothbrushing in the morning and in the evening, but also use of a dental floss, toothpicks for removal of the parts of food which got stuck between teeth. Professional hygiene is necessary at the first signs of formation of a firm plaque.
It is important to leave off smoking, adhere to a healthy food allowance completely. Every day it is necessary to use crude fruit and vegetables which during a chewing effectively brush teeth from a plaque.
It is necessary to treat teeth in time, addressing at the first need the stomatologist. In the absence of teeth it is necessary to make prosthetics. But even if visible problems with teeth do not exist, all the same it is necessary to visit the stomatologist with the preventive purpose at least twice a year.